Par Karine JULES (Collège Catherine de Vivonne, Rambouillet (78)) le 03 janvier 2012, 23:59
Today we’ve listened to an oral presentation on the American and English Bills of Rights By Timothée and Léo.
Thanks for their nice chocolate cake which was supposed to represent the flag of England ( The Cross of Saint Georges) Unfortunately , the icing has melted a bit. It was nonetheless very good.
Here is what you should remember…
The Bill of Rights is an act of the Parliament of England
The Bill of Rights was passed by Parliament on 16 December 1689.
After Catholic oriented King James II abdicated his throne, following the Glorious Revolution, a statutory form of Declaration of Rights was presented to William and Mary in February 1689, by the Convention Parliament, inviting them to become joint sovereigns of the kingdoms of England and Scotland.
It limited the power of the monarchy
· The royal power to suspend and dispense with law was abolished
· the crown was forbidden to levy taxation or maintain a standing army in peacetime without parliamentary consent.
· It also included the right to bear arms for self defense and right to petition the monarchy.
· the succession should pass to the heirs of Mary, then to Princess Anne (later queen) and her heirs
· no Roman Catholic could ever be sovereign of England.
è By its provisions and implications it gave political supremacy to Parliament and was supplemented (1701) by the Act of Settlement.
èIt reestablished the liberty of Protestants to have arms for their defense within the rule of law
The Bill of Rights (1688 or 1689) was one of the inspirations for the United States Bill of Rights
It is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.
When the Constitution was ratified in 1789, many people were concerned that it did not protect certain freedoms. They thought that the Constitution should be changed or amended to protect these freedoms. On December 15, 1791, ten amendments were added to the Constitution. These amendments guarantee certain freedoms and rights, so they are known as the Bill of Rights.
Some of the freedoms and rights protected in the Bill of Rights include:
- Freedom of Religion
- Freedom of Assembly
- To Keep and Bear Arms
- Freedom of Speech
- Freedom of the Press
- Protection for those Accused of Crimes
They were introduced by James Madison to the First United States Congress in 1789 as a series of legislative articles.
They came into effect as Constitutional Amendments on December 15, 1791, through the process of ratification by three-fourths of the States
You can watch thisslideshow which is very informative: http://madison-ms.lausd.k12.ca.us/kashj/ushistory/rights.htm, or here http://www.texaslre.org/downloads/bore.pdf
Then if you feel like it , you can test your knowledge with this game : http://www.texaslre.org/BOR/billofrights.html